How to Get Rid of Algae in Your Pool.
Pool Algae sucks! And if you don’t maintain your pool water chemistry, it can creep up on you fast. Pretty soon, your pool will start looking cloudy, and you just may see some green, yellow, or black algae having a party without you.
There are a few different ways you can approach things, but we figured you would want the fastest way to resolve the issue with the least amount of work. So, we came up with this quick an easy guide to get your pool back to crystal blue as fast as possible, just in case you don’t have a Smart Chemistry system already.
First and foremost, let’s get you up-to-speed on the types of algae you will encounter…
What are the Types of Pool Algae?
Green Algae: This is the most common algae problem and easiest of all algae types to kill. Technical name is, “chlorophyta”, which means that it gets its color from chlorophyll. Green algae tends to float in, around, and on top of the water. It turns the pool water cloudy and of course, a little greener than usual and in no time, you get a green pool. It has a slimy feel to it and can easily attach to the walls, stairs, and floor of your pool. It can get into your pool from any decent wind blowing in your area, or cross-contamination from swimmers who came in contact with natural bodies of water.
Yellow Algae: This type of algae also has another name you may have heard of, “Mustard Algae”. This algae doesn’t float around like green algae and its also not slimy. It tends to stick to surfaces, like ladders, stairs, floor of pool, lights, and filters. It may look similar to pollen or sand. It is not as common as green algae but can make an appearance from time to time. It’s very difficult to treat as it is chlorine-resistant, which means you will have a little more work than usual to resolve it.
Black Algae: This algae is also called, Black Beard Algae because of how it looks, and technical name is, “cyanobacteria.” It will appear in small, pinhead to quarter-sized, black dots or blotches around your pool surfaces. It appears like patches of dark hair, which is where the name came from.This is the hardest type of algae to kill and can come back if you don’t get it all out, including any roots that may be still clinging to your pool’s cracks and cervices.
Pink Algae: This algae is also called, Pink Slime because of how it looks, and technical name is, “Serratia Marcescens.” And it’s also not really algae, because it’s a bacteria aka, “pink bacteria.” Pink algae will look like pinkish-white streaks, and it most likely means you also white water mold in your pool. They tend to grow together. They also grow in shady, non-circulated water, so you will find this if your water is stagnant for too long.
Now that you have a basic overview of the types of pool algae, let’s get into the best and fastest ways to treat algae.
How do I Get Rid of Algae in My Pool Fast?
Smart SLAM! Method: This is, hands-down, the fastest way to get your Pool Algae under control. It can attack all of the above-mentioned algae types.
It’s called Smart S.L.A.M. as in, “Be Smart, Shock, Level and Maintain.”
The idea behind Smart SLAM is to raise the chlorine levels high enough to kill any alga hanging out in your pool water.
This method will work for Freshwater and Saltwater pools. Yes, that’s right! So, please pay attention to get your pool water back on track.
Here’s what you need to do Prior to Smart SLAMing:
- Get Some Shock: Smart SLAM method requires calcium hypochlorite shock, AKA, “Cal Hypo” and not your typical chlorine tablets “tri-chlor” or “di-chlor”. You want the highest purity Cal Hypo without stabilizer, AKA, “CYA”. Tablets tend to come with CYA, which will build-up over time and affect chlorine reactivity.
- Get DPD Test Kit: Get yourself a DPD test kit to measure CYA levels You need to know how much stabilizer is in the water prior to starting, so you don’t have the stabilizer inhibiting your chlorine from doing its job. Levels should be no higher than 40ppm. If it’s higher, drain the water a little to dilute and refill as needed until the levels come down.
- Check pH Levels: You also need to get your pH levels between 7.2 to 7.8 prior to starting.
- Get a Brush: You will need a brush to get rid of any major debris prior to starting. Clear out the skimmer and pump baskets.
- Clean the Filter: Ensure you have a clean filter, so you don’t recirculate the same algae right back into your pool water. Especially, if you have black algae or yellow algae. These algae types are notorious for getting back into your water. If you have black algae, your current filter most likely will need to be replaced, so get a replacement filter prior to Smart SLAMing.
Now, that you have your prerequisites…
How to Smart SLAM Your Pool Algae
- Run the Pump: Circulate the water for at least 24 hours prior to Smart SLAMing to allow your filter to capture whatever free floating algae that it can.
- Clean the Filter: Clean the filter to remove any attached algae. You can use the hose, filter cleaner or muriatic acid to soak the filter.
- Dose at Dusk: First and foremost, be sure to add the shock to your pool after the sun goes down to avoid UV rays and give the chlorine as much time in the water as possible. UV rays will destroy your chlorine so dusk and nighttime will ensure full potential of reactivity.
- Shock the Pool: You will need to dose the appropriate amount of shock to kill whatever type of pool algae you have. Find out whatever the manufacturer of your pool shock recommends for your pool size, and multiply that number by the following to ensure you have enough shock in the water:
– Green Algae / Blue/Green Algae: Multiply by 2 (or 2 lbs of shock per 10,000 gallons)
– Yellow Algae / Mustard Algae: Multiply by 3 (or 3 lbs of shock per 10,000 gallons)
– Black Algae / Black Beard Algae: Multiply by 4 (or 4 lbs of shock per 10,000 gallons)
- Scrub with Brush: Once you dose your water, take your brush and start scraping off the algae from the walls, stairs, lights, etc. Now, that you have shock in the water, you want the algae to interact with the chlorine as much as possible, so brushing algae off the surfaces will force it into the water and allow chlorine to start doing its job.
- Repeat as Needed: Wait 24 hours and repeat as needed until the water clears up.
– If you have yellow algae, you will need to make sure you disinfect any pool floats or toys and swimwear, as yellow algae likes to adhere to those items and reinfects water again.
– If you have black algae, you will most likely need to do several brushings to get it unstuck. You can also use large 3-inch chlorine tablets to hand scrub the tiny black algae spots that your brush can’t reach. And as mentioned, when things get under control, you can soak your filter in muriatic acid to kill any residual bacteria or simply replace the filter.
– Be sure to always wear protective gloves, goggles, etc when scrubbing anything.
How to Use Clarifier to Get Rid of Pool Algae
You can use clarifier to speed up the Smart SLAM process, but be careful about using it too much, as it will clump up the particulates in the water for your filter to grab them. However, this means your filter will need to be cleaned after you treat the pool with clarifier.
How to Use Flocculant to Remove Algae
You can use Flocculant, AKA, “Pool Floc” to remove pool algae, if you have the ability to vacuum to waste, or recirculate the water without going through the filter on your pool filter system. This means you most likely have a multi-port valve on your filter. Cartridge filter systems don’t usually have this, so be sure not to floc your pool with cartridge filter systems.
So, if you have the above-mentioned system, follow these steps:
- Be sure to turn on recirculate using your multi-port valve on your filter system and turn the pump on to start circulating the water
- Dose the pool with the recommended amount of flocculant
- Let the pump run for a couple hours to circulate the floc around your pool and reach as much algae as possible
- Turn everything off and let the floc settle with the algae overnight
- The next day, turn on the backwash setting or vacuum to waste setting and start vacuuming the sediment off the pool floor
- You will need to replace the water to replace what you are removing
- Be sure to shock the water again after refilling to get rid of any remaining algae
- Keep brushing and vacuuming as needed again afterward to finalize the removal of any stubborn particles hanging around
- And when everything looks clear, run the pump and filter for a good 24 hours to clear things out.
How to Use Algaecide to Remove Algae
Well, Algaecide is not the best method to remove pool algae, despite the name. Chlorine will always be your best method to handle the algae in your pool. Algaecide can help prevent the further growth of algae by inhibiting its process, but it’s not effective when you already have algae growth.
But if you want to use algaecide, keep in mind that most algaecides are based on copper sulfates or similar chemical compounds, which can affect your pool surfaces if you already have high metal content in the water. Look for copper-free algaecide to avoid unnecessary oxidation issues.
How do I Prevent Algae from Growing?
There are three focus points you always want to remember to prevent algae from coming back to haunt your pool. 1) Pool Chemistry, 2) Pool Circulation, and 3) Pool Cleaning… the Three C’s of Pool Maintenance.
1) Pool Chemistry
Maintaining pool chemistry will be about 90% of your pool maintenance battle plan!
2) Pool Circulation
Maintaining pool circulation will be the next 5% of your pool maintenance battle plan! Stagnant Water is the Enemy!
There are two huge reasons you will want to circulate water…
You need to circulate water through the filter so dirt, pollen, and any other nasty particles that happen to land in your pool are removed and nothing messes up the pool water.
You need to circulate sanitizer (chlorine) throughout the pool to kill microorganisms. If any microorganisms get into the water, they can create problems with the water chemistry, algae can start forming, or worse… the water can become toxic to swimmers.
The great thing about these first two C’s… if you handle Pool Chemistry and Pool Circulation, then, the last “C” – Pool Cleaning, is a piece of cake.
3) Pool Cleaning
Maintaining a good pool cleaning schedule will be the final 5% of your pool maintenance battle plan!
Some things you just can’t get around, such as monsoons, haboobs, dust storms, bush and tree leaves falling into your pool.
So, every so often, you will need to scoop, skim, brush and dump stuff out of your pool.
Debris, if left unchecked, can block the flow of the skimmer and clog up your pool filter.
In sequence, we recommend…
a. Dump Skimmer Basket
Clear the suction path so the vacuum and pumps can do their jobs. Most floating debris ends up in the skimmer basket. Staying on top of dumping the baskets will help reduce the work that your pool filter needs to do.
b. Vacuum the Pool:
The heavy debris in the pool should be settled if you are just starting your cleaning process and it should be concentrated toward the bottom.
c. Brush the Pool:
After vacuuming, start brushing to knock the stuff off the walls, stairs, etc so your filtration system can eat them up like candy.
d. Run the Pool Pump:
Your pump needs to run long enough to fully circulate the water at least once. We have a pretty extensive article to describe everything you need to know about running your pool pump.
And there you have it… Three C’s of Pool Maintenance!
Anyways, we hope this guide was useful. We have been maintaining pools for some time now and found that the above recommendations should keep you on the right track for getting rid of that pesky pool algae.